Tag Archives: Perseus

Triangulum (The triangle)

Triangulum, AndromedaThis small northern constellation presents as well-formed triangle of three stars. It was one of the 48 constellations cataloged by 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy that remain among the 88 modern constellations. It is not bright enough to jump out at the observer, but can be seen in all but the most light-polluted skies. Look for it high overhead between Perseus, Andromeda, and Pisces in December. M33, the Triangulum Galaxy, is the brightest and most notable deep sky object in this constellation.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triangulum

610px-Triangulum_IAU.svg
IAU Triangulum chart, IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott and Rick Fienberg), June 5, 2011

© James R. Johnson, 2014
jim@jrjohnson.net

Andromeda (Cassiopeia’s daughter)

Andromeda, CassiopeiaAndromeda, the mythological daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, is located near these two constellations and among several other constellations representing the Perseus myth, to include Perseus, Pegasus, and Cetus. It is one of the 48 constellations cataloged by 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy that remain among the 88 modern constellations. It is found directly overhead at the zenith after sunset in December. Although Andromeda is not a very distinct constellation in light-polluted skies, most of its stars can be observed. It’s brightest star, Alpheratz (Alpha Andromeda), is shared with the constellation Pegasus, and marks one corner of the Great Square of Pegasus. Locate this constellation by starting with the north eastern most star of the Great Square of Pegasus, and find the remaining stars flowing north east from there.

The Andromeda Galaxy (M31), M31boboThe Milky Way’s closest galactic neighbor, is found in this constellation. M31 can be found with the unaided eye in the very darkest of dark skies, but can easily be found with a binocular or telescope under most adverse light pollution conditions. M31 and M110 are two of M31’s dwarf companion galaxies that can also be seen in most photographs of M31.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andromeda_(constellation)

IAU Andromeda chart, IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott and Rick Fienberg), June 4, 2011.
IAU Andromeda chart, IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott and Rick Fienberg), June 4, 2011.

© James R. Johnson, 2014
jim@jrjohnson.net

Taurus (The bull)

Constellation TaurusTaurus, one of the zodiacal constellations, is most easily identified by it’s distinct and bright V-shaped asterism that represents the face of the bull. Taurus was one of the 48 constellations cataloged by the 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy that remains among the 88 modern constellations. This constellation reaches its highest nightfall ascension in February, and is found by tracing Orion’s belt stars to the right  to Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri), the bright reddish star nearby. The outlying stars in this constellation can be difficult to locate in light polluted skies.

With the exception of the brightest star, Aldebaran, the V-shaped asterism previously mentioned are stars withing the Hyades open star cluster, which is the closest open star cluster to us here on Earth. Many more stars in this cluster can be detected with binoculars or a small telescope. Also in Taurus is the brightest an most distinct open star cluster that we can see from Earth, The Pleiades (M45, or The Seven Sisters), which is located northwest of the V-shaped astersm toward and near Perseus. This open star cluster, sometimes mistakenly thought to be the Little Dipper, becomes even more beautiful with even the slightest magnification. The only other Messier object is M1, the Crab Nebula, which was created by a supernova explosion that was bright enough to be seen in the daytime sky in July of 1054.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taurus_(constellation)

IAU Taurus chart, IAU and Sky & Telescope Magazine, June 5, 2011.
IAU Taurus chart, IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott and Rick Fienberg), June 5, 2011.

© James R. Johnson, 2014.
jim@jrjohnson.net